About Air and Water

Monday, July 9, 2007

Verizon's wire removal angers subscribers

Verizon lineman Clemente Calma installs fiber-optic cable on a telephone pole in Massapequa Park, N.Y.

When Henry Powderly II ordered Verizon Communications' FiOS fiber-optic service, he knew he was about to be connected to the future of telecommunications.
He also got unplugged from its past. Which meant that while Powderly was gaining features, he was losing some telecommunications options.

Verizon's installer -- without warning, Powderly says -- removed the copper wires that used to carry his phone calls. For most of the world, copper still links homes and businesses, as it has for a century.

Verizon's new high-bandwidth fiber lines can carry not only calls but also Internet data and television, with room to grow. But once the copper is pulled, it's difficult to switch back to the traditional phone system or cheaper digital subscriber line service. And Verizon isn't required, in most instances, to lease fiber to rival phone companies, as it is with the copper infrastructure.
What's more, anyone who owns Powderly's house in the future will face higher bills with FiOS than in another home with copper. Right now, for instance, Verizon's DSL plans cost as little as $15 a month. FiOS Internet starts at $30 a month.
"I was not given an option," said Powderly, 30, who lives on Long Island, N.Y.

As it hooks homes and businesses up to its fiber network, Verizon has been routinely disconnecting the copper and, many subscribers say, not telling them upfront or giving them a choice. More than 1 million customers have signed up for a FiOS service, which is offered mainly in the suburban areas of 16 states, including Keller in Tarrant County.

Verizon spokesman Eric Rabe said customers should have been notified at least three times -- once by the sales representative when FiOS is ordered, by the technician before copper is cut and through paperwork given to the customer. Some customers say that hasn't happened.

The New York phone company has said its entire network is going to fiber optics. Verizon has decided to spend $23 billion to make fiber available to 18 million homes by 2010. Network maintenance savings could top $1 billion a year, Verizon said.
"It's a huge expense to maintain those copper networks," said Scott Randolph, federal regulatory director at Verizon. "At some point in time, it would not make sense to operate two networks."

Mark Cooper, research director at the Consumer Federation of America, says companies don't want to maintain the wires. "They don't want the expense, and they don't want the competition," he said.

What the law says
Under the Telecommunications Act of 1996, existing phone companies like Verizon must lease their copper networks to rivals. That's generally not the case for next-generation fiber systems. And so far, Verizon has filed more than 100 notices with the Federal Communications Commission to retire portions of copper throughout its network.

The FCC allows the retirement of copper as long as public notice is given so the phone companies can work together to ensure the smaller companies' access. But rivals say that access at reasonable prices is not guaranteed and that it's just a matter of time before the smaller companies are cut off.

"It's a horrendous situation. ... We don't let General Motors build a highway and decide what size cars to let on the road," said Joe Plotkin, marketing director for Bway.net, an Internet service provider in New York. "The small guys have tried to fight this remonopolization of the network infrastructure."

He and other smaller rivals say the communications market is fast becoming a two-player game between giant phone and cable companies -- diminishing consumer choice.

'Last mile'
While AT&T Inc. and Qwest Communications International are also retiring their copper networks, they're not touching the so-called "last mile" of copper wiring, which runs from each customer's home to the central office, where other lines aggregate. Laying fiber through the last mile is much more expensive because each line goes to a particular home or business.

Verizon is taking the pricey route because it believes that fiber offers a superior service that will lure customers away from cable operators, which now offer telephone service in addition to television and high-speed Internet.
Besides limiting options down the road, the switch to FiOS can have other implications. Unlike copper-connected phone service, FiOS doesn't work during power outages once a backup battery goes out -- not even for emergency calls. Home alarms and certain other devices work best with copper.

Fine print
Rabe, the Verizon spokesman, said the company will restore copper to homes if the customer insists but would rather not do so and will try to persuade the customer to agree. At any rate, he said, Verizon provides ample warning.

An example of what Rabe describes as adequate notice is the fine print on Verizon's FiOS policy, which is on its Web site: "Current Verizon Online DSL customers who move to FiOS Internet service will have their Verizon Online DSL permanently disabled after their FiOS conversion."'I blew a gasket'

Bill Kelm, a FiOS customer in suburban Dallas, filed a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission last year because of Verizon's "inconspicuous" policy rules.
"It's buried within these long terms of service that people never take the time to read," he said. "It needs to be more conspicuous."

While Kelm has no quarrel with FiOS itself -- he pays $145 a month for TV, Internet and phone -- he would like to have been told before he signed up that Verizon would cut the copper.

He was counting on Verizon's clearly advertised 30-day money-back guarantee in case he didn't like the service and wanted to switch back.

"I blew a gasket," Kelm said. "The 30-day money-back guarantee was worthless, in my opinion."

He's also concerned that Verizon initially priced its current FiOS service lower only to jack up rates once the subscriber is reeled in.
"Then, you're stuck," Kelm said.
Read more

1 comment:

  1. My words were spun by the Associated Press. I knew the wire was going to be cut, and I was not concerned.

    I cannot believe the writer would misquote a fellow journalist.

    Here's my story:



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